Alport Syndrome (AS) is a progressive hereditary renal disease characterized by sensorineural hearing loss, ocular abnormalities and increased risk of chronic kidney failure. It is a genetically and phenotypically heterogeneous disorder of glomerular, cochlear and ocular basement membranes due to a mutation in the genes encoding type IV collagen. Individuals affected by this disease experience progressive loss of kidney function, presenting as blood in the urine (hematuria). The mode of inheritance can be X-linked, autosomal recessive and autosomal dominant.
The Igenomix Alport Syndrome Precision Panel can be used to make a directed and accurate diagnosis ultimately leading to a better management and prognosis of the disease. It provides a comprehensive analysis of the genes involved in this disease using next-generation sequencing (NGS) to fully understand the spectrum of relevant genes involved.
- The Igenomix Alport Syndrome Precision Panel is indicated for those patients with a clinical suspicion or diagnosis of Alport Syndrome presenting with:
- Blood in urine (hematuria)
- Protein in urine (proteinuria)
- Hearing loss
- Ocular manifestations: anterior lenticonus, dot-and-fleck retinopathy, posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy, temporal macular thinning etc
The clinical utility of this panel is:
- The genetic and molecular confirmation for an accurate clinical diagnosis of a symptomatic patient.
- Early initiation of treatment with a multidisciplinary team in the form of symptomatic care, medical care, continuous monitoring of kidney function, and if necessary, renal transplantation.
- Risk assessment of asymptomatic family members according to the mode of inheritance.
- Improvement of delineation of genotype-phenotype correlation.
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