Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia (CAH) is a group of diseases that are associated with variants or mutations in the genes that are involved in hormone production. Specifically, CAH occurs when there is an excess of hormones in the adrenal gland.
The classical form presents with prenatal onset of virilization caused by enzyme deficiency. Additionally, there is an imbalance of body hormones which could have severe effects throughout and individual’s lifetime including problems with fertility, obesity and hypertension.
The nature of the genetic variants and genes associated with CAH means that testing for the condition is not straight forward. CAH can be tested for in three ways – CYP21A2 gene sequencing, CYP21A2 del/dup by MLPA and a gene panel associated with CAH not including the CYP21A2 gene. This condition is associated with recessive inheritance and is usually diagnosed at birth.
The Igenomix Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Precision Panel can be used to make a directed and accurate differential diagnosis of ambiguous genitalia ultimately leading to a better management and prognosis of the disease. It provides a comprehensive analysis of the genes involved in this disease using next-generation sequencing (NGS) to fully understand the spectrum of relevant genes involved.
The clinical utility of this panel is:
- The genetic and molecular confirmation for an accurate clinical diagnosis of a symptomatic patient.
- Early initiation of treatment with a multidisciplinary team for pharmacologic treatment of lacking hormones, corrective surgery, specialist referral and dietary modifications.
- Risk assessment of asymptomatic family members according to the mode of inheritance.
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